Toyota
Dodge Durango
 Service Manual
Emission Control Systems » Evaporative emission controls » Description and operation
Positive crankcase ventilation (pcv) system-4.7L engine

DESCRIPTION

The 4.7L V-8 engine is equipped with a closed crankcase ventilation system and a Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) valve.

This system consists of:

  • a PCV valve mounted to the oil filler housing (Fig. 9). The PCV valve is sealed to the oil filler housing with an o-ring.
  • the air cleaner housing
  • two interconnected breathers threaded into the rear of each cylinder head (Fig. 10).
  • tubes and hose to connect the system components.

Fig. 9 PCV Valve/Oil Filler Tube (Housing)-4.7L Engine Fig. 9 PCV Valve/Oil Filler Tube (Housing)-4.7L Engine

1 - O-RING

2 - LOCATING TABS

3 - CAM LOCK

4 - OIL FILLER TUBE

5 - PCV LINE/HOSE

6 - PCV VALVE

OPERATION

The PCV system operates by engine intake manifold vacuum. Filtered air is routed into the crankcase through the air cleaner hose and crankcase breathers.

The metered air, along with crankcase vapors, are drawn through the PCV valve and into a passage in the intake manifold. The PCV system manages crankcase pressure and meters blow-by gases to the intake system, reducing engine sludge formation.

The PCV valve contains a spring loaded plunger.

This plunger meters the amount of crankcase vapors routed into the combustion chamber based on intake manifold vacuum.

TYPICAL PCV valves are shown in (Fig. 11), (Fig.

12) and (Fig. 13).

When the engine is not operating, or during an engine pop-back, the spring forces the plunger back against the seat (Fig. 11). This will prevent vapors from flowing through the valve.

Fig. 10 PCV System Hoses/Tubes-4.7L Engine Fig. 10 PCV System Hoses/Tubes-4.7L Engine

1 - FRESH AIR FITTING

2 - CONNECTING TUBES/HOSES

3 - CRANKCASE BREATHERS (2)

4 - RUBBER HOSE

5 - AIR CLEANER RESONATOR

Fig. 11 Engine Off or Engine Pop-Back-No Vapor Flow Fig. 11 Engine Off or Engine Pop-Back-No Vapor Flow

During periods of high manifold vacuum, such as idle or cruising speeds, vacuum is sufficient to completely compress spring. It will then pull the plunger to the top of the valve (Fig. 12). In this position there is minimal vapor flow through the valve.

During periods of moderate manifold vacuum, the plunger is only pulled part way back from inlet. This results in maximum vapor flow through the valve (Fig. 13).

Fig. 12 High Intake Manifold Vacuum-Minimal Vapor Flow Fig. 12 High Intake Manifold Vacuum-Minimal Vapor Flow

Fig. 13 Moderate Intake Manifold Vacuum- Maximum Vapor Flow Fig. 13 Moderate Intake Manifold Vacuum- Maximum Vapor Flow

    More about «Description and operation»:

    Evaporation control system

    Rollover valve

    Evaporation (evap) canister

    Duty cycle evap canister purge solenoid

    Leak detection pump (ldp)

    Positive crankcase ventilation (pcv) system

    Positive crankcase ventilation (pcv) system-4.7L engine

    Vehicle emission control information (veci) label

    Dodge Durango Service Manual / Emission Control Systems / Evaporative emission controls / Description and operation / Positive crankcase ventilation (pcv) system-4.7L engine

    Dodge Durango Service Manual

    Categories


    © 2017-2019 Copyright www.dodurango.net
    0.0048