Toyota
Dodge Durango
 Service Manual
Engine » Service procedures
Piston rings-fitting

RING END GAP

Before reinstalling used rings or installing new rings, the ring clearances must be checked.

(1) Wipe the cylinder bore clean.

(2) Insert the ring in the cylinder bore.

NOTE: The ring gap measurement must be made with the ring positioned at least 12mm (0.50 inch.) from bottom of cylinder bore.

(3) Using a piston, to ensure that the ring is squared in the cylinder bore, slide the ring downward into the cylinder.

(4) Using a feeler gauge check the ring end gap (Fig. 20). Replace any rings not within specification.

Fig. 20 Ring End Gap Measurement-Typical Fig. 20 Ring End Gap Measurement-Typical

1 - FEELER GAUGE

PISTON RING SIDE CLEARANCE

NOTE: Make sure the piston ring grooves are clean and free of nicks and burrs.

(5) Measure the ring side clearance as shown (Fig.

21) make sure the feeler gauge fits snugly between the ring land and the ring. Replace any ring not within specification.

(6) Rotate the ring around the piston, the ring must rotate in the groove with out binding.

EARLY BUILD

(7) The No. 1 and No. 2 piston rings have a different cross section. Ensure No. 2 ring is installed with manufacturers I.D. mark (Dot) facing up, towards top of the piston.

LATE BUILD

The No. 1 and No. 2 piston rings have a different cross section. Ensure No. 2 ring is installed with manufacturers I.D. mark (Dot) facing up, towards top of the piston. On late build engines the piston top ring groove and crown are not anodized therefore, the No. 1 piston ring is coated with an anti-friction coating. Care must be used to ensure that when installing piston rings on late build engines that the correct No. 1 piston ring be installed, failure to use the correct piston ring can cause severe damage to the piston and/or cylinder block.

Fig. 21 Measuring Piston Ring Side Clearance Fig. 21 Measuring Piston Ring Side Clearance

1 - FEELER GAUGE

PISTON RING SPECIFICATION CHART

NOTE: Piston rings are installed in the following

NOTE: Piston rings are installed in the following order:

  • Oil ring expander.
  • Upper oil ring side rail.
  • Lower oil ring side rail.
  • No. 2 Intermediate piston ring.
  • No. 1 Upper piston ring.

(8) Install the oil ring expander.

(9) Install upper side rail (Fig. 22) by placing one end between the piston ring groove and the expander ring. Hold end firmly and press down the portion to be installed until side rail is in position. Repeat this step for the lower side rail.

(10) Install No. 2 intermediate piston ring using a piston ring installer (Fig. 23).

(11) Install No. 1 upper piston ring using a piston ring installer (Fig. 23).

(12) Position piston ring end gaps as shown in (Fig. 24). It is important that expander ring gap is at least 45 from the side rail gaps, but not on the piston pin center or on the thrust direction.

Fig. 22 Side Rail-Installation Fig. 22 Side Rail-Installation

1 - SIDE RAIL END

    More about «Service procedures»:

    Form-in-place gaskets

    Engine oil

    Repair damaged or worn threads

    Cylinder bore-honing

    Hydrostatic lock

    Valve service

    Engine timing-verification

    Timing chain-measuring wear

    Pistons-fitting

    Piston rings-fitting

    Connecting rod bearings-fitting

    Crankshaft main bearings

    Dodge Durango Service Manual / Engine / Service procedures / Piston rings-fitting

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