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Dodge Durango
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Engine » Service procedures
Engine timing-verification

CAUTION: The 4.7L is a non free-wheeling design engine. Therefore, correct engine timing is critical.

NOTE: Components referred to as left hand or right hand are as viewed from the drivers position inside the vehicle.

NOTE: The blue link plates on the chains and the dots on the camshaft drive sprockets may not line up during the timing verification procedure. The blue link plates are lined up with the sprocket dots only when re-timing the complete timing drive.

Once the timing drive is rotated blue link-to-dot alignment is no longer valid.

Engine base timing can be verified by the following procedure: (1) Remove the cylinder head covers. Refer to the procedure in this section.

(2) Using a mirror, locate the TDC arrow on the front cover (Fig. 11). Rotate the crankshaft until the mark on the crankshaft damper is aligned with the TDC arrow on the front cover. The engine is now at TDC.

Fig. 11 Engine Top Dead Center (TDC) Indicator Mark Fig. 11 Engine Top Dead Center (TDC) Indicator Mark

1 - TIMING CHAIN COVER

2 - CRANKSHAFT TIMING MARKS

(3) Note the location of the V8 mark stamped into the camshaft drive gears (Fig. 12). If the V8 mark on each camshaft drive gear is at the twelve o'clock position, the engine is at TDC on the exhaust stroke. If the V8 mark on each gear is at the six o'clock position, the engine is at TDC on the compression stroke.

(4) If both of the camshaft drive gears are off in the same or opposite directions, the primary chain or both secondary chains are at fault. Refer to Timing Chain and Sprockets procedure in this section.

(5) If only one of the camshaft drive gears is off and the other is correct, the problem is confined to one secondary chain. Refer to Single camshaft timing, in this procedure.

(6) If both camshaft drive gear V8 marks are at the twelve o'clock or the six o' clock position the engine base timing is correct. Reinstall the cylinder head covers.

SINGLE CAMSHAFT TIMING

NOTE: to adjust the timing on one camshaft, preform the following procedure.

(1) Using Chain Tensioner Wedge, special tool 8350, stabilize the secondary chain drive. For reference purposes, mark the chain-to-sprocket position (Fig. 13).

(2) Remove the camshaft drive gear retaining bolt.

(3) Carefully remove the camshaft drive gear from the camshaft.

(4) Re-index the camshaft drive gear in the chain until the V8 mark is at the same position as the V8 mark on the opposite camshaft drive gear.

NOTE: When gripping the camshaft, place the pliers on the tube portion of the camshaft only. Do not grip the lobes or the sprocket areas.

(5) Using a suitable pair of adjustable pliers, rotate the camshaft until the alignment dowel on the camshaft is aligned with the slot in the camshaft drive gear (Fig. 14).

CAUTION: Remove excess oil from camshaft sprocket retaining bolt before reinstalling bolt. Failure to do so may cause over-torqueing of bolt resulting in bolt failure.

(6) Position the camshaft drive gear onto the camshaft, remove oil from bolt then install the retaining bolt. Using Special Tools, Spanner Wrench 6958 with Adapter Pins 8346 and a suitable torque wrench, Tighten retaining bolt to 122N*m (90 ft. Lbs.) (Fig.

15) (Fig. 16).

(7) Remove special tool 8350.

(8) Rotate the crankshaft two full revolutions, then reverify that the camshaft drive gear V8 marks are in fact aligned.

(9) Install the cylinder head covers. Refer to Cylinder Head Cover in this section.

Fig. 12 Camshaft Sprocket V8 Marks Fig. 12 Camshaft Sprocket V8 Marks

1 - LEFT CYLINDER HEAD

2 - RIGHT CYLINDER HEAD

Fig. 13 Securing Timing Chain Tensioners Using Timing Chain Wedge Fig. 13 Securing Timing Chain Tensioners Using Timing Chain Wedge

1 - LEFT CYLINDER HEAD

2 - RIGHT CYLINDER HEAD

3 - SPECIAL TOOL 8350 WEDGE

4 - SPECIAL TOOL 8350 WEDGE

Fig. 14 Camshaft Dowel To Sprocket Alignment Fig. 14 Camshaft Dowel To Sprocket Alignment

    More about «Service procedures»:

    Form-in-place gaskets

    Engine oil

    Repair damaged or worn threads

    Cylinder bore-honing

    Hydrostatic lock

    Valve service

    Engine timing-verification

    Timing chain-measuring wear

    Pistons-fitting

    Piston rings-fitting

    Connecting rod bearings-fitting

    Crankshaft main bearings

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