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Dodge Durango
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Fuel System » Fuel injection system » Description and operation
Engine coolant temperature sensor-pcm input

DESCRIPTION

The Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) sensor is used to sense engine coolant temperature. The sensor protrudes into an engine water jacket.

The ECT sensor is a two-wire Negative Thermal Coefficient (NTC) sensor. Meaning, as engine coolant temperature increases, resistance (voltage) in the sensor decreases. As temperature decreases, resistance (voltage) in the sensor increases.

OPERATION

At key-on, the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) sends out a regulated 5 volt signal to the ECT sensor.

The PCM then monitors the signal as it passes through the ECT sensor to the sensor ground (sensor return).

When the engine is cold, the PCM will operate in Open Loop cycle. It will demand slightly richer airfuel mixtures and higher idle speeds. This is done until normal operating temperatures are reached.

The PCM uses inputs from the ECT sensor for the following calculations:

  • for engine coolant temperature gauge operation through CCD or PCI (J1850) communications
  • Injector pulse-width
  • Spark-advance curves
  • ASD relay shut-down times
  • Idle Air Control (IAC) motor key-on steps
  • Pulse-width prime-shot during cranking
  • O2 sensor closed loop times
  • Purge solenoid on/off times
  • EGR solenoid on/off times (if equipped)
  • Leak Detection Pump operation (if equipped)
  • Radiator fan relay on/off times (if equipped)
  • Target idle speed
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    Dodge Durango Service Manual / Fuel System / Fuel injection system / Description and operation / Engine coolant temperature sensor-pcm input

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