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Differential and Driveline » 8 1/4 And 9 1/4 axle » Adjustments
9 1/4 Axle pinion gear depth

GENERAL INFORMATION

Ring gear and pinion are supplied as matched sets only. The identifying numbers for the ring gear and pinion are painted onto the pinion gear shaft and the side of the ring gear. A plus (+) number, minus (-) number or zero (0) along with the gear set sequence number (01 to 99) is on each gear. This first number is the amount (in thousandths of an inch) the depth varies from the standard depth setting of a pinion marked with a (0). The next two numbers are the sequence number of the gear set. The standard depth provides the best teeth contact pattern. Refer to Backlash and Contact Pattern Analysis Paragraph in this section for additional information.

Fig. 72 Gauge Tools In Housing Fig. 72 Gauge Tools In Housing

1 - ARBOR DISC

2 - PINION BLOCK

3 - ARBOR

4 - PINION HEIGHT BLOCK

Fig. 73 Pinion Gear Depth Measurement Fig. 73 Pinion Gear Depth Measurement

1 - ARBOR

2 - SCOOTER BLOCK

3 - DIAL INDICATOR

Compensation for pinion depth variance is achieved with select shims. The shims are placed behind the rear pinion bearing (Fig. 74).

Fig. 74 Shim Locations Fig. 74 Shim Locations

1 - AXLE HOUSING

2 - COLLAPSIBLE SPACER

3 - PINION BEARING

4 - PINION DEPTH SHIM

5 - PINION GEAR

6 - BEARING CUP

If a new gear set is being installed, note the depth variance painted onto both the original and replacement pinion. Add or subtract the thickness of the original depth shims to compensate for the difference in the depth variances. Refer to the Depth Variance chart.

Note where Old and New Pinion Marking columns intersect. Intersecting figure represents plus or minus the amount needed.

Note the painted number on the shaft of the drive pinion (-1, -2, 0, +1, +2, etc.). The numbers represent thousands of an inch deviation from the standard.

If the number is negative, add that value to the required thickness of the depth shims. If the number is positive, subtract that value from the thickness of the depth shim. If the number is 0 no change is necessary.

PINION GEAR DEPTH VARIANCE

PINION DEPTH MEASUREMENT AND ADJUSTMENT

PINION DEPTH MEASUREMENT AND ADJUSTMENT

Measurements are taken with pinion bearing cups and pinion bearings installed in the axle housing.

Take measurements with Pinion Gauge Set and Dial Indicator C-3339 (Fig. 75).

Fig. 75 Pinion Gear Depth Gauge Tools Fig. 75 Pinion Gear Depth Gauge Tools

1 - DIAL INDICATOR

2 - ARBOR

3 - PINION HEIGHT BLOCK

4 - CONE

5 - SCREW

6 - PINION BLOCK

7 - SCOOTER BLOCK

8 - ARBOR DISC

(1) Assemble Pinion Height Block 6739, Pinion Block 8542, and rear pinion bearing onto Screw 6741 (Fig. 75).

(2) Insert assembled height gauge components, rear bearing, and screw into axle housing through pinion bearing cups (Fig. 76).

(3) Install front pinion bearing and Cone-Nut 6740 hand tight (Fig. 75).

Fig. 76 Pinion Height Block Fig. 76 Pinion Height Block

1 - PINION BLOCK

2 - PINION HEIGHT BLOCK

(4) Place Arbor Disc 8541 on Arbor D-115-3 in position in axle housing side bearing cradles (Fig. 77).

Install differential bearing caps on Arbor Discs and tighten cap bolts to 41 N*m (30 ft. lbs.).

NOTE: Arbor Discs 8541 has different step diameters to fit other axles. Choose proper step for axle being serviced.

Fig. 77 Gauge Tools In Housing Fig. 77 Gauge Tools In Housing

1 - ARBOR DISC

2 - PINION BLOCK

3 - ARBOR

4 - PINION HEIGHT BLOCK

(5) Assemble Dial Indicator C-3339 into Scooter Block D-115-2 and secure set screw.

(6) Place Scooter Block/Dial Indicator in position in axle housing so dial probe and scooter block are flush against the rearward surface of the pinion height block (Fig. 75). Hold scooter block in place and zero the dial indicator face to the pointer. Tighten dial indicator face lock screw.

(7) With scooter block still in position against the pinion height block, slowly slide the dial indicator probe over the edge of the pinion height block.

(8) Slide the dial indicator probe across the gap between the pinion height block and the arbor bar with the scooter block against the pinion height block (Fig. 78). When the dial probe contacts the arbor bar, the dial pointer will turn clockwise. Bring dial pointer back to zero against the arbor bar, do not turn dial face. Continue moving the dial probe to the crest of the arbor bar and record the highest reading.

If the dial indicator can not achieve the zero reading, the rear bearing cup or the pinion depth gauge set is not installed correctly.

(9) Select a shim equal to the dial indicator reading plus the drive pinion gear depth variance number marked on the shaft of the pinion. For example, if the depth variance is -2, add +0.002 in. to the dial indicator reading.

    More about «Adjustments»:

    8 1/4 Axle pinion gear depth

    9 1/4 Axle pinion gear depth

    Differential bearing preload and gear backlash

    Gear contact pattern analysis

    Side gear clearance

    Dodge Durango Service Manual / Differential and Driveline / 8 1/4 And 9 1/4 axle / Adjustments / 9 1/4 Axle pinion gear depth

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