Toyota
Dodge Durango
 Service Manual
Transmission and Transfer Case » Description and operation
42/44 Re transmission

DESCRIPTION

The 42/44RE is a four speed fully automatic transmission (Fig. 1) with an electronic governor. The 42/44RE is equipped with a lock-up clutch in the torque converter. First through third gear ranges are provided by the clutches, bands, overrunning clutch, and planetary gear sets in the transmission. Fourth gear range is provided by the overdrive unit that contains an overdrive clutch, direct clutch, planetary gear set, and overrunning clutch.

The transmission contains a front, rear, and direct clutch which function as the input driving components.

They also contain the kickdown (front) and the low/reverse (rear) bands which, along with the overrunning clutch and overdrive clutch, serve as the holding components. The driving and holding components combine to select the necessary planetary gear components, in the front, rear, or overdrive planetary gear set, transfer the engine power from the input shaft through to the output shaft.

The valve body is mounted to the lower side of the transmission and contains the valves to control pressure regulation, fluid flow control, and clutch/band application. The oil pump is mounted at the front of the transmission and is driven by the torque converter hub. The pump supplies the oil pressure necessary for clutch/band actuation and transmission lubrication.

The 42/44RE transmission is cooled by an integral fluid cooler inside the radiator.

Fig. 1 42/44RE Transmission Fig. 1 42/44RE Transmission

1 - CONVERTER CLUTCH

2 - TORQUE CONVERTER

3 - OIL PUMP AND REACTION SHAFT SUPPORT ASSEMBLY

4 - FRONT BAND

5 - FRONT CLUTCH

6 - DRIVING SHELL

7 - REAR BAND

8 - TRANSMISSION OVERRUNNING CLUTCH

9 - OVERDRIVE UNIT

10 - PISTON RETAINER

11 - OVERDRIVE CLUTCH

12 - DIRECT CLUTCH

13 - INTERMEDIATE SHAFT

14 - FRONT BEARING

15 - HOUSING

16 - REAR BEARING

17 - OUTPUT SHAFT

18 - SEAL

19 - OVERDRIVE OVERRUNNING CLUTCH

20 - OVERDRIVE PLANETARY GEAR

21 - DIRECT CLUTCH SPRING

22 - OVERDRIVE CLUTCH PISTON

23 - VALVE BODY ASSEMBLY

24 - FILTER

25 - FRONT PLANETARY GEAR

26 - REAR CLUTCH

27 - TRANSMISSION

28 - REAR PLANETARY GEAR

IDENTIFICATION

Transmission identification numbers are stamped on the left side of the case just above the oil pan gasket surface (Fig. 2). Refer to this information when ordering replacement parts.

Fig. 2 Transmission Part And Serial Number Location Fig. 2 Transmission Part And Serial Number Location

1 - PART NUMBER

2 - BUILD DATE

3 - SERIAL NUMBER

GEAR RATIOS

The 42/44RE gear ratios are:

  • 1st 2.74:1
  • 2nd 1.54:1
  • 3rd 1.00:1
  • 4th 0.69:1
  • Rev. 2.21

OPERATION

The application of each driving or holding component is controlled by the valve body based upon the manual lever position and governor pressure. The governor pressure is a variable pressure input to the valve body and is one of the signals that a shift is necessary. First through fourth gear are obtained by selectively applying and releasing the different clutches and bands. Engine power is thereby routed to the various planetary gear assemblies which combine with the overrunning clutch assemblies to generate the different gear ratios. The torque converter clutch is hydraulically applied and is released when fluid is vented from the hydraulic circuit by the torque converter control (TCC) solenoid on the valve body. The torque converter clutch is controlled by the Powertrain Control Module (PCM). The torque converter clutch engages in fourth gear, and in third gear when the O/D switch is OFF, when the vehicle is cruising on a level plane after the vehicle has warmed up.

The torque converter clutch will disengage momentarily when an increase in engine load is sensed by the PCM, such as when the vehicle begins to go uphill or the throttle pressure is increased. The torque converter clutch feature increases fuel economy and reduces the transmission fluid temperature.

Since the overdrive clutch is applied in fourth gear only and the direct clutch is applied in all ranges except fourth gear, the transmission operation for park, neutral, and first through third gear will be described first. Once these powerflows are described, the third to fourth shift sequence will be described.

PARK POWERFLOW

As the engine is running and the crankshaft is rotating, the flexplate and torque converter, which are also bolted to it, are all rotating in a clockwise direction as viewed from the front of the engine. The notched hub of the torque converter is connected to the oil pump's internal gear, supplying the transmission with oil pressure.

As the converter turns, it turns the input shaft in a clockwise direction. As the input shaft is rotating, the front clutch hub-rear clutch retainer and all their associated parts are also rotating, all being directly con- nected to the input shaft. The power flow from the engine through the front-clutch-hub and rear-clutch-retainer stops at the rear-clutch-retainer. Therefore, no power flow to the output shaft occurs because no clutches are applied. The only mechanism in use at this time is the parking sprag (Fig. 3), which locks the parking gear on the output shaft to the transmission case.

Fig. 3 Park Powerflow Fig. 3 Park Powerflow

1 - LEVER ENGAGED FOR PARK

2 - PARK SPRAG

3 - OUTPUT SHAFT

NEUTRAL POWERFLOW

With the gear selector in the neutral position (Fig.

4), the power flow of the transmission is essentially the same as in the park position. The only operational difference is that the parking sprag has been disengaged, unlocking the output shaft from the transmission case and allowing it to move freely.

REVERSE POWERFLOW

When the gear selector is moved into the reverse position (Fig. 5), the front clutch and the rear band are applied. With the application of the front clutch, engine torque is applied to the sun gear, turning it in a clockwise direction. The clockwise rotation of the sun gear causes the rear planet pinions to rotate against engine rotation in a counterclockwise direction.

The rear band is holding the low reverse drum, which is splined to the rear carrier. Since the rear carrier is being held, the torque from the planet pinions is transferred to the rear annulus gear, which is splined to the output shaft. The output shaft in turn rotates with the annulus gear in a counterclockwise direction giving a reverse gear output. The entire transmission of torque is applied to the rear planetary gearset only. Although there is torque input to the front gearset through the sun gear, no other member of the gearset is being held. During the entire reverse stage of operation, the front planetary gears are in an idling condition.

Fig. 4 Neutral Powerflow Fig. 4 Neutral Powerflow

1 - LEVER DISENGAGED FOR NEUTRAL

2 - PARK SPRAG

3 - OUTPUT SHAFT

4 - CAM

5 - LEVER

FIRST GEAR POWERFLOW

When the gearshift lever is moved into the drive position the transmission goes into first gear (Fig. 6).

As soon as the transmission is shifted from park or neutral to drive, the rear clutch applies, applying the rear clutch pack to the front annulus gear. Engine torque is now applied to the front annulus gear turning it in a clockwise direction. With the front annulus gear turning in a clockwise direction, it causes the front planets to turn in a clockwise direction. The rotation of the front planets cause the sun to revolve in a counterclockwise direction. The sun gear now transfers its counterclockwise rotation to the rear planets which rotate back in a clockwise direction.

With the rear annulus gear stationary, the rear planet rotation on the annulus gear causes the rear planet carrier to revolve in a counterclockwise direction.

The rear planet carrier is splined into the lowreverse drum, and the low reverse drum is splined to the inner race of the over-running clutch. With the over-running clutch locked, the planet carrier is held, and the resulting torque provided by the planet pinions is transferred to the rear annulus gear. The rear annulus gear is splined to the output shaft and rotated along with it (clockwise) in an underdrive gear reduction mode.

Fig. 5 Reverse Powerflow Fig. 5 Reverse Powerflow

1 - FRONT CLUTCH ENGAGED

2 - OUTPUT SHAFT

3 - LOW/REVERSE BAND APPLIED

4 - INPUT SHAFT

5 - OUTPUT SHAFT

6 - INPUT SHAFT

7 - FRONT CLUTCH ENGAGED

8 - LOW/REVERSE BAND APPLIED

Fig. 6 First Gear Powerflow Fig. 6 First Gear Powerflow

1 - OUTPUT SHAFT

2 - OVER-RUNNING CLUTCH HOLDING

3 - REAR CLUTCH APPLIED

4 - OUTPUT SHAFT

5 - OVER-RUNNING CLUTCH HOLDING

6 - INPUT SHAFT

7 - REAR CLUTCH APPLIED

8 - INPUT SHAFT

SECOND GEAR POWERFLOW

In drive-second (Fig. 7), the same elements are applied as in manual-second. Therefore, the power flow will be the same, and both gears will be discussed as one in the same. In drive-second, the transmission has proceeded from first gear to its shift point, and is shifting from first gear to second. The second gear shift is obtained by keeping the rear clutch applied and applying the front (kickdown) band. The front band holds the front clutch retainer that is locked to the sun gear driving shell. With the rear clutch still applied, the input is still on the front annulus gear turning it clockwise at engine speed.

Now that the front band is holding the sun gear stationary, the annulus rotation causes the front planets to rotate in a clockwise direction. The front carrier is then also made to rotate in a clockwise direction but at a reduced speed. This will transmit the torque to the output shaft, which is directly connected to the front planet carrier. The rear planetary annulus gear will also be turning because it is directly splined to the output shaft. All power flow has occurred in the front planetary gear set during the drive-second stage of operation, and now the over-running clutch, in the rear of the transmission, is disengaged and freewheeling on its hub.

DIRECT DRIVE POWERFLOW

The vehicle has accelerated and reached the shift point for the 2-3 upshift into direct drive (Fig. 8).

When the shift takes place, the front band is released, and the front clutch is applied. The rear clutch stays applied as it has been in all the forward gears. With the front clutch now applied, engine torque is now on the front clutch retainer, which is locked to the sun gear driving shell. This means that the sun gear is now turning in engine rotation (clockwise) and at engine speed. The rear clutch is still applied so engine torque is also still on the front annulus gear. If two members of the same planetary set are driven, direct drive results. Therefore, when two members are rotating at the same speed and in the same direction, it is the same as being locked up.

The rear planetary set is also locked up, given the sun gear is still the input, and the rear annulus gear must turn with the output shaft. Both gears are turning in the same direction and at the same speed.

The front and rear planet pinions do not turn at all in direct drive. The only rotation is the input from the engine to the connected parts, which are acting as one common unit, to the output shaft.

Fig. 7 Second Gear Powerflow Fig. 7 Second Gear Powerflow

1 - KICKDOWN BAND APPLIED

2 - OUTPUT SHAFT

3 - REAR CLUTCH ENGAGED

4 - OUTPUT SHAFT

5 - OVER-RUNNING CLUTCH FREE-WHEELING

6 - INPUT SHAFT

7 - REAR CLUTCH APPLIED

8 - KICKDOWN BAND APPLIED

9 - INPUT SHAFT

FOURTH GEAR POWERFLOW

Fourth gear overdrive range is electronically controlled and hydraulically activated. Various sensor inputs are supplied to the powertrain control module to operate the overdrive solenoid on the valve body. The solenoid contains a check ball that opens and closes a vent port in the 3-4 shift valve feed passage. The overdrive solenoid (and check ball) are not energized in first, second, third, or reverse gear. The vent port remains open, diverting line pressure from the 2-3 shift valve away from the 3-4 shift valve. The overdrive control switch must be in the ON position to transmit overdrive status to the PCM. A 3-4 upshift occurs only when the overdrive solenoid is energized by the PCM. The PCM energizes the overdrive solenoid during the 3-4 upshift.

This causes the solenoid check ball to close the vent port allowing line pressure from the 2-3 shift valve to act directly on the 3-4 upshift valve. Line pressure on the 3-4 shift valve overcomes valve spring pressure moving the valve to the upshift position. This action exposes the feed passages to the 3-4 timing valve, 3-4 quick fill valve, 3-4 accumulator, and ultimately to the overdrive piston. Line pressure through the timing valve moves the overdrive piston into contact with the overdrive clutch. The direct clutch is disengaged before the overdrive clutch is engaged. The boost valve provides increased fluid apply pressure to the overdrive clutch during 3-4 upshifts, and when accelerating in fourth gear. The 3-4 accumulator cushions overdrive clutch engagement to smooth 3-4 upshifts. The accumulator is charged at the same time as apply pressure acts against the overdrive piston.

    More about «Description and operation»:

    42/44 Re transmission

    Fluid

    Torque converter

    Oil pump

    Valve body

    Accumulator

    Pistons

    Front clutch

    Rear clutch

    Overdrive clutch

    Overrunning clutch

    Planetary gearset

    Bands

    Servos

    Gearshift mechanism

    Converter drainback valve

    Powertrain control module (pcm)

    Electronic governor

    Governor pressure curves

    Overdrive off switch

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